“Do you see society being united on the single Islamic viewpoint as a precondition for Khilafah? And what does that mean practically?”
A brother asked the above question in a comment on another post. I felt it was better to address it as a separate post.
The reason for this is that many do not have an appreciation of how societies work ( or don’t work in some cases) .
So I have listed out some points below , and given my conclusion to the question. I welcome any challenge to my assertions , provided it is based of factual or shari evidence.
- The cement of Society
What bonds a society – we say it can’t be nationalism , patriotism, self interests , but rather a bond based upon ideology. By and large western nations are ideological based upon secular creed (put in its simplest form it doesn’t matter what came before life and what came after life just deal with it ). By and large Muslim countries whilst individuals believe that before life there was a creator and after life there will judgement and Jananah or Jahanum – this is not represented in institutions, policies or mainstream political discourse.
- What is ideology
Ideology is a viewpoint about man life and the universe ( aqeeda) and how life should be lived based upon this viewpoint – both in terms of solutions to be applied and the way to apply those solutions. Example – In the west gay rights should be permitted based upon secularism , then legislation through democracy and then implementation via education and if needed via judiciary ( courts) and penal code. In Islam gay rights shouldn’t be permitted, this is implemented through the state, education and judiciary and penal code if required.
- Muslim Societies
If one is to examine the Muslim world, whilst there are some that have made the connection between their belief and how they view problems should be solved, we see society as a whole remains stuck in confusion and hotch potch of western, nationalistic , benefit based solutions and the link between the aqeeda and solutions for life’s affairs is still not yet the pre-eminent view within these societies. Take Turkey or Pakistan as an example whilst there exist people that want link the Islamic aqeeda with the affairs of life , this intellectual political trend is weak – people prefer pragmatism, doing what you can , patriotism self interest etc.
- States are only as strong as the thought they are built upon
The Western nations whilst we may see nationalistic trends, or Trumps decisions that apparently seem to defy any principles at all – when we scratch below the surface everything is consistently linked to the secular viewpoint on life. The average guy on the street will evaluate his life and his view on this basis as well. As such the western world inspite of having an incorrect viewpoint about life consistently refers back to this basis. As such the society moves forward ( sometimes not so smoothly look at brexit ). If Muslims were to establish a Khilafah and not rectify the confusion that exists in thought, then it will very easily be destroyed by infighting , insertion of agents that whilst seemingly achieving results for Muslims ( see Mustafa Kemal as an example the Turks called him Ghazi Mustafa Kemal whilst he was strangling the Ottoman State).
- Golden age of Islam.
The period after the Khulafa Rashideen was seen to be a golden period in Islamic history. This was because the linkage between the Islamic aqeeda and how people lived and the rules they implemented were consistent and there was very little intellectual or political corruption i.e ideas based on other than Islam.
- Taking Power vs Establishing an Ideological Islamic State
To address this question (“Do you see society being united on the single Islamic viewpoint as a precondition for Khilafah? And what does that mean practically?) one needs to be clear on the aim that is sought. Some conceive the aim of establishing Khilafah as simply taking power by some means and them implementing Islam over the society- job done – but is it really?
If this is the aim then, it is conceivable to foist the Islamic system over some societies. As it is possible to foist dictatorship, democracy, capitalism etc… Some argue the consequences can be dealt with after taking power. In this scenario it is likely that the newly established state has been set up for failure (better a failed state than no state some may argue). Any state need support and confidence of the people it rules over otherwise it will become a tyrannical and oppressive and this was not the way of the prophet (saw). If the people are not really convinced with direction or cannot see what policies are based upon then it is likely the state will go from one crisis to another without achieving its objective as a state- i.e becoming a failed state. Or worse still commit zulm on the people. An effective state needs to be able to execute its resolutions and for that it needs public support and the silencing of its opponents internally for this it needs to built upon a singular viewpoint of life.
- Establishing an ideological Khilafah State
If the aim is to revive Islam and as part of that there is a need to establish the state. Then the desired goal is that the thought is adopted by people from all strata’s of society, including those of influence. That they have a clear worldview based on Islam and agree that the solutions that have to be implemented within society have to come from Islam. There is a demand based upon adherence to the aqeeda for the political implementation of Islam, and then this serves to build a strong basis for the establishment of strong state that will be effective and progressing, rather than being mired with internal political dissent that will be exploited by its enemies. In this case it would be necessary to unify the society on a single viewpoint on life (I don’t mean that there would be no opposing views but the Islamic view would be the predominant one , any view based on on other than Islam should not have any real traction. After the implementation of Islam all other views would be cast aside much as the Islamic view is cast aside in the states based on secularism today)
8.The purpose of the Dawah today
The need of the dawah today is to create a strong basis an Islamic ideological basis upon which a state can be established. What many Muslims see as being the priority of securing their interests, fighting Islamophobia, tarbiyah for their children and the call to ritualistic aspects of Islam . Or even the likes of Erdogan or the proponents of just doing a coup who are going for power are not doing the job properly. The Islamic aqeeda is the driving force of an Islamic system.